Sam's Guide to Fly Fishing for PredatorsAutumn is here and with the weather on the turn it‘s a great time to target pike, perch and zander on the fly. Sam Edmonds offers his expert advice to make sure you get it right.
Some amazing sport can be had on rivers, lakes, canals and reservoirs all around the country, and exploring them with a fly rod is an exciting and effective way of pursuing all three species. Here I‘m going to take a look at the gear you need to succeed and offer a few tips that will hopefully help you along.
Recommended Predator Fly Fishing Tackle
Predator Fly RodsAs an all–round rod, I like a 9ft 9wt for casting flies in the 3in to 5in range, which is a great size for all three species. Sometimes I use a 10wt if I'm targeting pike, but casting a 10wt all day can be quite tiring, whereas a 9wt rod is lighter and yet still has plenty of power to stop a big fish. This can then be coupled with a 9-10wt reel with a good drag and capacity.
Predator Fly LinesA fly line with a short head and front taper helps to load the rod when casting bulky and heavy flies. For fishing on canals and rivers I like to use a floating or intermediate line, but for fishing reservoirs, which can be much deeper, a fast sinking line such as the Rio Pike/Musky Intermediate/Sink 6 will help get your fly down to fish that are sitting close to or on the bottom, such as perch and zander.
Predator LeadersWhen it comes to leaders, turning over big, heavy flies can be hard work with a long leader such as you might use for trout fishing, and it can result in wind knots and tangles. I like to use a length of around 5 to 7ft for perch and zander with 15.4lb Seaguar my favourite, but for targeting pike I step up to 25.5lb. Alternatively, if you're using flies over 5in long, fishing a cut down tapered salmon leader can help turn over flies that resemble small birds flying through the air!
Predator TracesTied to this is a knottable wire trace, such as American Fishing Wire. I like to tie my traces at home to save time when I'm out on the bank or afloat. For targeting perch and zander, I like to use a lighter trace wire of around 20lb, as they can be finicky fish and a heavy trace may result in fewer bites, it can also affect the action of smaller flies. However, even when I'm not specifically targeting pike, I always use a wire trace, as you never know when a pike could take! I tie a small size 12 swivel via a Rapala knot to the top of the trace, which is tied to the leader, to reduce line twist. At the other end of the trace, I tie another Rapala knot, and attach a snap - I like the Fiiish Power Link Snaps, as they are super strong for their size.
If I'm actively targeting pike though, I use 30lb wire, and instead of attaching the trace to the leader via a swivel, I loop to loop them together, as a heavier swivel can affect the action of the fly. I also use a heavier snap on the business end to attach larger flies.
Predator FliesFor big perch and zander, I like to use predator flies in the 3in to 5in range, especially those with bead chain or dumbbell eyes. Both species love a fly 'jigged' or 'hopped' along, or close to, the bottom and by fishing these on a 'strip-pause-strip-pause' retrieve, you can impart that enticing action to your fly. This tactic also work well with similar patterns in bigger sizes for pike, especially when they're lethargic and aren't up for a chase.
Generally, pike like baitfish patterns in the 4in to 6in range, and during the spring and summer months you can catch them on poppers and surface flies too, which is awesome fun! My favourite size to use for all three species is between 4in to 5in, as you have the chance of catching all three!
Other essentialsPredatory fish may appear mean looking and tough, but they're actually not that hardy, so take great care in handling them. It's essential to have a pair of long–nosed pliers for unhooking, and a soft mat to lay the fish down on. When I'm fishing in a boat I also take a pike cradle with me to retain and help a big fish to recover. Once the fish is in the net, I like to be prepared as possible before lifting it out of the water - unhooking mat out, and pliers ready.
Top Tips for Fly Fishing for Pike, Perch and Zander
- Just like loch–style fly fishing for trout, hanging your fly below the boat for a few seconds can often pick up an extra fish or two, especially on a tough day's fishing. Pike, perch and even zander will often follow your fly right to the boat and if you pull your fly out of the water straight away, it can be a missed opportunity, and also spook the fish!
- Keep your eyes peeled for pike rolling, especially on reservoirs and rivers. I've had occasions where I've spotted a pike roll, cast to it and the fish has taken the fly.
- When fishing from a boat, either drifting or anchored, casting to a likely looking area from a different angle can often pick up fish. For example, if you're casting to a fish that is facing away from you, you're bringing the fly back towards the predator, which is unnatural for a prey fish. If you change angle though, so the fly is swimming away from the predator, it can induce the fish to take.
- Some materials used in pike flies can tangle whilst casting. Make sure you check regularly, as this can affect the swimming action of the fly.
- To save time tying traces when I'm out on the bank or in a boat, I tie them all at home and keep them in a wallet, so if I need to change, it's simply a case of cutting the old one off, and tying a new one on.